You are on this page of this website as a result of your searching for the Git installation process. Yes, you are lucky, I mean very lucky. This article will cover most of what you need to know about Git. You will be guided on how you can install Git and its uses on Windows 11.
Meanwhile, before covering the Git installation process as well as its uses, we need to quickly define Git. In that regard, here is a quick and simple definition of Git.
What is Git?
Git is known as a DevOps tool used for source code management. It is a free and open-source version control system that can effectively manage small to extremely big projects.
Git is a tool used to log source code changes, allowing several engineers to collaborate on non-linear development. Git was developed in 2005 by Linus Torvalds to aid with the development of the Linux kernel.
So, we can conclude that Git is a version control system used to check changes in computer files. This tool is highly used and recommended by software developer to manage source code development.
====> Git allows many developers to work together
====> It is used to track changes in source code
====> Git distributed version control tool is used for source code management
====> The tool also supports non-linear development with the use of its thousands of parallel branches
Some of the Features of Git
Free and open source
Git is Scalable
It supports non-linear development
It also supports collaboration
Branching is easier
How to Install Git on Windows 11
Git can be installed on Windows 11 in various ways, but this part of the article will cover everything you need to know about it.
Git Installation Requirement
But before we run through the installation process, let’s quickly take a look at the requirement. In other to install this open-source on your Windows 11 computer, it must have the following.
====> Git Login details (username and password), though this is optional
====> You should be able to access a command-line tool like CMD or PowerShell
====> Access to Administrator privileges for your Windows account
====> Ubuntu on WSL (if you’re installing on it)
====> Your favorite text editor
How to Install Git on Windows 11 Computer
The installation process is simple and easy, you only need to follow the steps as explained in this part of the article.
Step 1 ====> Download Git
====> The first step is to get the Git setup file from the official website.
====> So click on this link Git Official page.
====> On the official web page, locate and click on Windows to get the latest setup file
Step 2 ====> Install Git File on Your Computer
====> You need to navigate to the downloaded setup file on your computer.
====> Now, double-click to run the installer.
====> Then, you need to click on the Next button. Keep the default installation location, and click the Next button again.
====> On the next screen, you will be able to select which components you want to install. Unless you need to change something specific, we recommend keeping the options set to default. Then click Next.
====> Then, click the Next button again.
====> You must select the Git default editor on the following screen. To do this, click the drop-down option.
====> Next, pick a text editor. We’re using Notepad++
====> Now, click Next
====> You can select a different name for the first branch in new repositories on the next screen. The name by default is Master. Click Next and leave it that way unless you want a different one.
====> The following step involves adding the PATH environment for Git when executing commands from command-line programs (such as CMD and PowerShell). Click Next and leave it at the default setting.
====> Select the Git Secure Shell client application now. There are no modifications necessary because the OpenSSH installation is already included (unless you want to use an external OpenSSH). Choose Next.
====> When choosing server certificates, we recommend using the default OpenSSL library. Click Next.
====> You can set up line-ending discussions in this area. Click Next after leaving it at its default setting.
====> Select a terminal emulator now. Once more, we advise staying with the default MinTTY. Choose Next.
====> Keep the git pull command’s default behaviour. As previously, the default choice is advised if you don’t wish to alter its behaviour. Choose Next.
====> You must now decide on a credential assistant who will assist with obtaining and storing credentials. Simply click Next because the Git Credential Manager core (the default choice) is the most reliable of the bunch.
====> A few extras need to be configured as well. Enabling file system caching is the first (by default chosen) option. This is crucial for specific tasks and significantly improves performance.
====> Symbolic links, which are similar to command-line shortcuts, are the second choice. If you use them, choose it; if not, leave it alone. Then press Next.
====> “Support for pseudo consoles” and a “built-in file system monitor” are the final few choices you have. These experimental features are currently being created. So, unless you want to test them out, we advise not checking them. Finally, select Install by clicking.
====> Click Finish after the installation is finished.
Step 3 ====> Check Git Version to Install Git on Windows 11
====> Once Git has been installed, you should check to see if it has been done correctly and what version it is. Launch Git Bash from the Start menu to accomplish this.
Then type the following command and hit enter button
On your computer, you ought to see the git version installed.
Step 4 ====> Create Git Login Details (Username and Email)
Before you can start using Git on Windows 11 after you might have install Git. Your account must be set up by providing your credentials. In other to do just that, follow the steps in this part of the process:
====> You need to open Git Bash, type the following to add your user name
git config –global user.name “your user name”
Please make sure to provide your actual username in lieu of “your user name.” Afterwards, hit Enter button.
====> After that, type the command below
git config –global user.email “your email address”
====> Remember to substitute your actual email address for “your email address” when it refers to your Git account. Then press Enter.
====> Now, you may check the configuration by typing the following command
git config –global –list
====> Then hit the Enter button. You will see your configuration details
It should be noted that the –global command instructs Git to use the data you provided for all actions you do on your system. Instead, if you use — local, only your current repository will be affected by the configuration.
Install Git: Use Git with PowerShell
Git is frequently thought to function best with Git Bash, although PowerShell can also make use of it without any issues. But before you can do that, you need to apply a small modification to PowerShell.
Check for Execution Policy
====> The PowerShell Execution Policy must first be configured to “RemoteSigned.” Therefore, click Start.
====> Enter “PowerShell,” and then choose “Run as Administrator.”
====> You need to enter the following command in PowerShell
====> After that, hit the Enter button
====> It is already set if you see the “RemoteSigned” message.
====> If not, type the following command
Set-ExecutionPolicy -Scope CurrentUser -ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned -Force
====> After you have entered the command, press Enter button
====> You are now prepared to add the git module to PowerShell.